The 2013 census of Senegal records over 30 languages and dialects spoken in the country. Although French is the official language, it is spoken by only about 37% of the population, mostly as a second language. In contrast, 72% use Wolof to communicate with speakers of other Senegalese languages. The census indicates that Wolof is also the most widely spoken first language (50% of the population), followed by Pular (25%) and Serer (11%). In 2001, six languages were given national language status: Wolof, Serer, Pular, Mandinka, Soninke and Jola-Fony.
Wolof is most prevalent in urban areas and in radio broadcasting. French is almost the only in television and print media.
The literacy rate in Senegal in 2013 was 42.4%. Literacy rates are markedly lower for women (35.7%) than men (49.3%).
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These maps and datasets are published with funding from the World Food Programme.