There are over 40 languages spoken in Mozambique. Portuguese is the country’s official language, but it is only spoken by around half of the population. The other most spoken primary languages in Mozambique, include: Makhuwa, Changana, Nyanja, Ndau, Sena, Chwabo, and Tswa. The maps, documents, and datasets below provide information about languages spoken throughout the country.

Other sources of language data

Language data allows humanitarian organizations to better understand the languages people speak and understand, leading to better programming and accountability. We’re working with University College London’s Centre for Translation Studies and others to make language data more easily accessible and usable.

For more information, read about the project on our blog or contact

Maps and resources:

Mozambique Cyclone Gombe Crisis Language Map March 2022

Tropical Cyclone Gombe has severely affected Mozambique. We created this crisis language map for humanitarians to be able to communicate with and support people looking for help. Learn more.

Maps and resources:

Map of primary languages spoken and % of population who speak Portuguese by District in Mozambique. Map created following Cyclone Idai in March, 2019.

Map of primary languages spoken and literacy rates by district in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique. Map created following Cyclone Kenneth in April, 2019.

A rapid language assessment in four temporary accommodation sites in Beira, Mozambique following Tropical Cyclone Idai. The full report is available in English and Portuguese. A report brief is availabe in English, Portuguese, Sena, and Chwabo. April, 2019.